Prospects of nuclear power engineering in Kazakhstan
Today, Kazakhstan is ranked the first in the world on uranium mining and the second in terms of uranium reserves, possessing 19 % of the world’s known reserves of the uranium. And about 65 % of uranium resources are suitable for the most progressive, ecologically safe and economically expedient methods of in-situ leaching (underground leaching). Within a relatively short period of time Kazakhstan managed to increase the sphere of atomic power engineering to a high level of development. Furthermore, Kazakhstan possesses a developed uranium mining and processing industry with infrastructure for holding fundamental and applied research in the sphere of atomic physics. As it is known, the Republic inherited the Soviet nuclear facilitiesthus possessing unique research assets in the field of atomic physics as well as qualified personnel. Thanks towhich, to date three research reactors has been exploited successfully on scientific purpose.